Want to watch this video? Sign up for the course here. Or enter your email below to watch one free video.

Unlock This Video Now for FREE

This video is normally available to paying customers.
You may unlock this video for FREE. Enter your email address for instant access AND to receive ongoing updates and special discounts related to this topic.

We are now going to look at puncture wounds. Now a typical example of a puncture wound could be a dog bite. So maybe in the instance here Ella might have gotten into a fight with another dog and the dog has come along and bitten her. Now often when dogs fight then it can look a lot worse than it actually is. Now two things can happen, either it can be a puncture, or it can be a tear. Now if it is just a puncture wound, then what you need to do is inspect her very closely. She has been in a fight. Get in close. Touch her. Always keep safe. So, make sure you keep her head away because although she is your pet she may well still bite you. You may consider using a muzzle with her if that is what you need to do. But if not, you can just keep her head away while you pat, just to avoid her actually getting any chance where she can bite you. So really to look through over the skin, part the hair. You want to find any marks at all. Now common with some of these puncture wounds with dog bites, is that they do not bleed massive amounts because they will seal up fairly easily.

But you need to make sure where they are. And as far as putting dressings on them, sometimes the best thing to do would be to clean them up and leave them exposed. There is nothing harder to put a big dressing around the dogs. A lot of fur on there to put a bandage around their belly. But if it is a larger wound, then you can do that as well. You can put a pad on, wrap it around them to keep it safe, and obviously get them to the vet as quickly as possible. Now there also are those things you can put on puncture wounds. There are some blood drawing powders you can get which I see react with the blood to stop it from bleeding. Or you can just keep it with a bit of a mild disinfectant as advised by your vet just to keep it clean or just with warm salty water. Just pat the area to make sure the wound is clean and then inspect it regularly to make sure there is no secondary infection. So, while we are talking about puncture wounds, there is a fight and dogs get in a fight and there is a rip there, then we can be talking about a very serious injury, where you talk about a lot of blood loss or sometimes they won't bleed. It depends on what actually has been damaged.

If for example, it is a big area been poured out to the side or onto a leg, then it may be we need to just take a dressing and hold it in place while we transport him to the vets, or it may be we could put a dressing on it and close it over. Now, one other thing with puncture wounds, in this sort of category, we could be looking at gunshot wounds, knife wounds, and things like this. Now if it is something like a gunshot wound or a knife wound we need to be very careful. We do not know what damage has happened inside. We need to get him to the vet as fast as possible. And also, we need to make sure we can keep as much blood inside as possible. So, by keeping direct pressure on the wound while we transport her to the vets, put a dressing on if we can. Now if it's onto the actual chest, there's another potential problem that can happen is if the knife has gone through the chest, and actually ruptured the lung, then this can cause even more problems. The lung could start to collapse. We can have what is called a pneumothorax. And with that, it can be very painful, very distressing for them and they will have a lot of trouble breathing. So, one thing that we want to do is try and maintain a good lung.

So, if we have injured this side, then try and lay them on the injured side just so that any fluids in there will stay on the injured side, not on the good side. The other thing is, if possible, leave the wound open rather than try and seal it off. And the reason for that is we want to try and make sure that any trapped air out from the outside of the lung is actually expelled out through the hole. You will know if the lung has been damaged because if you look at the actual cut on the chest, you will see the blood will be very, very bright red. And you might also see some bubbling in it because there is air mixed in with the blood. It is bright red because it is oxygenated blood straight from the lungs. So be very aware of anything like that. That is some very serious condition and we need to get him to the vet as fast as possible while securing him the best we can. And finally, if there is an embedded object that has caused a puncture, for example, the knife is still there, or maybe it is an arrow, or a crossbow bolt, something like that, then if possible you want to leave it in place because it's cut when it goes in.

Because it is in the body, it is probably blocking off major damage. So, if we take it out, we might rupture the main blood vessel, or we may well cause more internal bleeding. So where possible, leave it in place. But then, the next problem is then transporting them. So, the whole time that we are trying to treat something like a puncture wound with an embedded object, you need to talk to the vet. Get them to help you out as well, tell you what to do and ways to get him to veterinary help as fast as possible.