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Animals like humans can have allergies to different things but with animals, finding out what causes the allergic reaction is harder as they cannot tell you when it is worse.

What we are referring to in this video is allergies rather than anaphylactic shock where a substance causes a massive reaction that affects their breathing and can be fatal.  If an animal has a serious reaction, get them to the vet as soon as possible.  To put this in human terms, if someone is stung by a bee on their hand and this affects their breathing, it is likely to be anaphylactic shock,  another example is a peanut allergy. As humans carry an auto-injector they can treat until the emergency services arrive, but with animals, you will need to get them to the vet as soon as possible.

Not all animals get allergies and they can be born with them or they can develop later in life.

Animals are allergic to many different things like fleas or dust mites, cleaning chemicals, fabrics, pollen, air fresheners, lactose, wheat, smoke or just about anything.

The signs can be many different things including, sneezing, vomiting, throat problems, swollen paws, diarrhoea, excessive scratching runny nose or eyes, scabs, sores or itchy skin.

Treatment will depend on what they are allergic to and your vet can help with this.  If they are sick after food, then change their diet.  There are many different diets available for different conditions and ages.  Talk to your vet or food supplier if a certain type of food makes them ill.  An example can be that foods containing gluten give them diarrhoea, giving them a gluten-free food will solve this but remember to also check any treats you give them as well as gluten.  If you have fed the same brand of food for years, they can develop an intolerance to something in it so change the brand and see if that helps.

If they react to a chemical then remove the substance or use a different type that contains different ingredients.  Choosing natural brands may help or ensure they are not in areas where they come in to contact with the substance.

Pollens are harder to restrict, but if you think they are allergic to pollen, talk to your vet as they can give medications to help when the pollen is a problem.

Flea allergies can cause extreme discomfort and can leave them with bald raw skin.  Keeping their flea treatments up to date will help and they do not always have a flea problem for a reaction to occur.  Groom them regularly with a flea comb, give them baths with a gentle medicated or herbal shampoo.  In more serious cases, the vet may give tablets.

Finally, many vets have a diet clinic where they can advise on allergies, feeding and weight loss.